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Introduction, Types and Symptoms of Diabetes


Introduction

Diabetes! We normally call it high blood sugar or high blood glucose level. In our body glucose come from food that we eat and our liver also made. Diabetes is mainly caused by 2 regions first insulin secretion is decreased and second is insulin secret but not able for work. Glucose is important for the body, it used as an energy source.

The condition, when insulin the ( a hormone is secreted by the beta cell of pancreas it suppresses the glucose by stimulating the glucose origin cells) does not carry blood glucose and cannot able to transport glucose to muscles, cause high blood sugar or high blood glucose level this is commonly known as diabetes.

Introduction, Types and Symptoms of Diabetes

Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is commonly known as diabetes mellitus. There are diabetes is following type.

  1. Diabetes Insipidus
  2. Diabetes Mellitus.

Diabetes Insipidus

In diabetes insipidus, a person has a sugary and high urination (back to back) and feel thirsty. There is insulin is not able for work means there is insulin is properly secreted by beta cells of the pancreas but not doing own work (means not able to maintain a blood glucose level) and release from urine and make high urination and due to high urination person feel thirsty.

Symptoms

  • Sugary urination and back to back urination
  • Loss of electrolyte
  • Weakness
  • Feel thirst
  • Fatigue

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as Diabetes. In the human body glucose is very important source of energy, it produces energy in the cells. In the human body pancreas is an organ that produces a hormone called Insulin. Insulin is an essential hormone useful for the maintenance of glucose level in the body. In the condition when insulin secretion is slow or stops then body glucose level is the rise and cause High Glucose Level ( that is also known as diabetes or diabetes mellitus).

Type of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is following type.

  1. Type 1- Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.
  2. Type 2- Insulin- Nondependent Diabetes Mellitus.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 is an insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. The condition in which our body does not produce insulin that causes insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Approximately 9-12% people are in type 1 diabetes.

In this disease, the patient needs to take insulin injection.

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 diabetes or Insulin non-dependent diabetes is the condition in which insulin is secreted but not able to metabolize glucose. It is the chronic condition that affects the way of body processes blood glucose.

Symptom of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Excessive thirst
  • Increase urine output
  • Hunger
  • Skin problem
  • Slow healing wound
  • Fatigue

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About the Author

Ankita Rai

Ankita Rai has completed her Bachelor of Pharmacy degree and working with a top reputed company as quality control and analysis. She has a good understanding of pharmacy and loves to share her experiments, ideas, and knowledge with everyone by writing articles on the latest pharmacy trends.