HTML- Introduction to Hypertext Markup Language


In this tutorial, we are going to introduce about the HTML. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and it is used to describe the structure of web page. Initially, you can call it as CELL.

HTML is collections of tags and elements. By using tags and elements you can easily create static web pages. HTML tags normally come in pairs. Start tag is called opening tag and the ending tag called closing tag.

HTML uses .htm or .html file extension.

So let’s start…

Document Outline

<!DOCTYPE> – Version of (X)HTML

<html> – HTML document

<head> – Page information

<body> – Page contents

<!– Comment text –>

Page Information

<base/> – Base URL

<meta/> – Meta data

<title> – Title

<style> – Style resource

<script> – Script resource

<link/> – Relevant resource

Document Structure

<h[1-6]> – Heading

<div> – Page section

<span> – Inline section

<p> – Paragraph

<br/> – Line break

<hr/> – Horizontal rule

Text Markup

<strong> – Strong emphasis

<em> – Emphasis

<blockquote> – Long quotation

<q> – Short quotation

<abbr> – Abbreviation

<acronym> – Acronym

<address> – Address

<pre> – Pre-formatted text

<code> – Code

<cite> – Citation

<del> – Deleted text

<ins> – Inserted text

<sub> – Subscript

<sup> – Superscript

<bdo> – Text direction

Links

<a href=""> – Page link

<a href="mailto:"> – Email link

<a href="websparrow"> – Anchor

<a href="#websparrow"> – Link to anchor

Tables

<table> – Table

<caption> – Caption

<thead> – Table header

<tbody> – Table body

<tfoot> – Table footer

<colgroup> – Column group

<col/> – Column

<tr> – Table row

<th> – Header cell

<td> – Table cell

Lists

<ol> – Ordered list

<ul> – Unordered list

<li> – List item

<dl> – Definition list

<dt> – Definition term

<dd> – Term description

Forms

<form> – Form

<fieldset> – Collection of field

<legend> – Form legend

<label> – Input label

<input/> – Form input

<select> – Drop-down box

<optgroup> – Group of options

<option> – Drop-down option

<textarea> – Large text input

<button> – Button

Window Events

onLoad onUnload

Form Events

onBlur onReset

onChange onSelect

onFocus onSubmit

Keyboard Events

onKeydown onKeyup

onKeypress

Mouse Events

onClick onMouseout

onDblclick onMouseover

onMousedown onMouseup

onMousemove

Keyboard Attributes

accesskey tabindex

Language Attributes

dir lang

Core Attributes

class style

id title

Images and Image Maps

<img/> – Image

<map> – Image map

<area/> – Area of image map

Objects

<object> – Object

<param/> – Parameter

Note: Core Attributes may not be used in base,head,html,meta,param,script,style or tilte elements
and Language Attributes may not be used in base,br,frame,freamset,hr,iframe,param or script elements.

HTML Page Structure

HTML- Introduction to Hypertext Markup Language

Note: Only the body section(yellow part) contents visible on browser.

HTML Versions

A brief information about HTML version and publishing year.

Year Version
2014 HTML 5
2000 XHTML
1999 HTML 4
1997 HTML 3
1995 HTML 2
1991 HTML

HTML Simple Example

In this example I have used the same code/structure shown in above figure.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

    <head>

        <title> Welcome to WebSparrow.org </title>

    </head>

    <body>

        <h1> Java Tutorials</h1>

        <p>Java is a high level object oriented programming language.</p>

    </body>

</html>

Output

HTML- Introduction to Hypertext Markup Language

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